Elderly patients with aortic stenosis who are high risk or intermediate risk from surgical aortic valve replacement may benefit from TAVI thereby avoiding open surgery which helps early recovery and improved quality of life
TMVR is a non-surgical, minimally invasive procedure done to replace dysfunctional or leaking mitral valve in the heart. The mitral valve or the bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve lies in the heart between the left atrium and the left ventricle.
Patients with previous surgical repair of Fallot's Tetrology or previous surgical pulmonary valve implantation who now have a dysfunctional pulmonary valve may benefit from percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation avoiding conventional open heart surgery
A previously replaced tricuspid tissue valve dysfunction might be treated with a valve-in-valve procedure which involves treating the dysfunctional valve without conventional open heart surgery